Elena Nikolayevna Fanailova (19 December 1962) is a Russian poet. Born in Voronezh, she graduated from the Voronezh Medical Institute and earned a degree in journalism from Voronezh State University. She worked for six years as a doctor at Voronezh Regional Hospital. In 1995 she became a correspondent for Radio Svoboda, and has lived and worked in Moscow since the late nineties. She has contributed verse and literary reviews to Znamya, the New Literary Review, Critical Mass, Mitin Journal, and other publications. She has also translated the verses of Serhiy Zhadan from Ukrainian. She received the Andrei Bely Prize in 1999 and the Moscow Count Prize in 2003. Her poetry is characterized by its harsh outlook and precise language. During the early 2000s it came to be representative of the new Russian literary preoccupation with the theme of citizenship and the problems of personal historical memory and historical self-image. Elena Fanailova is the author of four books and a winner of the Andrey Bely Award (1999) and the Moscow Score Award (2003). The Russian Version, a book of Fanailova’s poetry translated into English by Stephanie Sandler and Genya Turovskaya, won the Best Translated Book Award for Poetry in the US.