Ana Blandiana

Ana Blandiana, pen name of Otilia Valeria Coman, is one of the most astonishing Romanian poets, essayists and political figures. She is born the 25 March 1942. Her pen name is inspired after her mother’s native village Blandiana and Ana simply rhymes with Blandiana. In 1960 she married the writer Romulus Rusan and since 1967 they live in Bucharest. Since her debut, in 1964, she published over 25 books of poetry and over 10 volumes of essays. Before 1989 her works had more than one time to face censorship and prohibition by the communist authorities. Nevertheless, she continued to write and to fight for her books to be published. After the Romanian anti-communist Revolution in 1989, she sustained the removal of the communist legacy from administrative office and militated for an open society. In order to achieve these goals, she founded and presided the Civic Alliance (1991–2001), an organization fighting for civil rights and democracy. She also created the Memorial for the Victims of Communism (1993) under the aegis of the European Community, in one of the former communist political prisons. As poet and writer she is founder and was the president of the Romanian PEN Club, she is member of the Writers’ Union of Romania and member of the European Academy of Poetry. In recognition of her contributions to European culture, Blandiana was awarded the Légion d’Honneur (2009) and in 2016 was designated European Poet of Freedom (Gdansk, Poland). She received many national and international literary prizes. She wrote the following volumes of poetry: 50 de poeme, (50 Poems, 1970), Octombrie, Noiembrie, Decembrie (October, November, December, 1972), Întâmplări din grădina mea (Occurrences in My Garden, 1980); Ora de nisip (The Hour of Sand, 1984), Întâmplări de pe strada mea (Occurrences on My Street, 1988);  Arhitectura valurilor (Waves’ Architecture, 1990), 100 de poeme (100 Poems, 1991), În dimineaţa de după moarte (On the Morning After Dying, 1996); La cules îngeri (Angel Gathering, 1997); Cartea albă a lui Arpagic (Arpagic’s White Book, 1998), Soarele de apoi (The sun of Afterwards, 2000), Refluxul sensurilor (The reflux of meanings, 2004), Poeme 1964-2004 (Poems 1964-2004), Întoarcerea lui Arpagic (The return of Arpagic, 2008), Patria mea A4 (My homeland A4, 2010), Orologiul fără ore (The clock without hours, 2016). Her work was translated in more than 16 languages. In Italian were published the following volumes: Un tempo gli alberi avevano occhi, translated by Bruno Mazzoni e Biancamaria Frabotta (Donzelli 2004); Progetti per il passato, translated by Marco Cugno (Anfora 2008), Il mondo sillaba per sillaba, translated by Mauro Barindi (Saecula 2012) and La mia patria A4, translated by Mauro Barindi (Aracne 2015). For her work and activity in Italy she received the prices Acerbi and Camaiore, in 2005 and Città dell’Aquila in 2007.